The incubators are laboratory equipment that is used to maintain and grow microbiological cultures or cell cultures, regulating viable growth factors such as temperature, humidity and ventilation.
There are incubators that have the ability to control extremely low temperatures (microbiological incubators), humidity, and carbon dioxide levels (incubators for cell cultures). Microbiological incubators are mainly used in the growth and storage of bacterial cultures at temperatures between 5 and 37 ºC. For their part, the incubators for cell culture work at a temperature of 37 ºC, simulating the conditions of body temperature.
Laboratory incubators are widely used for biology applications, such as for cell and tissue culture, for pharmaceutical and hematological studies, for biochemical studies, food processing and cell aeration, it is also used for animal studies, solubility studies and fermentation as well as for bacteria cultures.
Incubators are widely used for the study of tissue cultures that involve the extraction of fragments of animal or plant tissue and to store these “explants” (for example cells isolated from a portion of tissues) in controlled environments (temperature, pH, CO2 and humidity) and subsequently analyze its growth.
The main objective of CO2 incubators is to simulate the physiological conditions of mammals, unfortunately, the environments created within these equipment are also ideal for the proliferation of certain biological contaminants.