The main objective of pathological anatomy is not only to study the evolution and causes of a disease, but also to make a prognosis of the effects that different diseases can have on human beings. To do this, tumor cells and body tissues are analyzed.
Thus, within pathological and cytodiagnostic studies, two types of tests are differentiated: pathological and diagnostic. In the first of them, a sample of the tissue of any organ is analyzed with the intention of identifying the type of cell and what treatments would be useful to combat the alteration. As for diagnostic tests, they are also known as biopsy and their main objective is to obtain a sample of organic fluid or tissue to study the existence of a disease, with the intention of determining a specific diagnosis.
Among the equipment most used in this science, we have: microtomes, microscopes, tissue processor, water baths for tissues, cryostats, cooling plates, trimmer and paraffin dispenser, slide dryers, tissue inclusion systems, systems of automatic staining for slides, among others.